dispy is a Python framework for parallel execution of computations by distributing them across multiple processors in a single machine (SMP), or among many machines in a cluster or grid. The computations can be standalone programs or Python functions. dispy is well suited for the data parallel (SIMD) paradigm where a computation is evaluated with different (large) datasets independently (similar to Hadoop, MapReduce, Parallel Python). dispy features include automatic distribution of dependencies (files, Python functions, classes, modules), client-side and server-side fault recovery, scheduling of computations to specific nodes, encryption for security, sharing of computation resources if desired, and more.
Jug is a task-based parallelism framework. Jug allows you to write code that is broken up into tasks and run different tasks on different processors. It uses the filesystem to communicate between processes and works correctly over NFS, so you can coordinate processes on different machines. Jug is a pure Python implementation and should work on any platform that can run Python.