OpenCog is an Open Source software project aimed at directly confronting the AGI challenge, based on mathematics and using biologically inspired algorithms, including algorithms for common-sense reasoning and machine learning. Components include natural language processing and speech generation, robotics, game control, and vision.
Armadillo is a C++ linear algebra library (matrix maths) aiming towards a good balance between speed and ease of use. The API is deliberately similar to Matlab's. Integer, floating point, and complex numbers are supported, as well as a subset of trigonometric and statistics functions. Various matrix decompositions are provided through optional integration with LAPACK and ATLAS numerics libraries. A delayed evaluation approach, based on template meta-programming, is used (during compile time) to combine several operations into one and reduce or eliminate the need for temporaries.
SHOGUN is a machine learning toolbox whose focus is on large scale kernel methods and especially on Support Vector Machines (SVM). It provides a generic SVM object interfacing to several different SVM implementations, all making use of the same underlying, efficient kernel implementations. Apart from SVMs and regression, SHOGUN also features a number of linear methods like Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA), Linear Programming Machine (LPM), (Kernel) Perceptrons, and algorithms to train hidden Markov models. SHOGUN can be used from within C++, Matlab, R, Octave, and Python.
MLPACK is a C++ machine learning library with an emphasis on scalability, speed, and ease-of-use. Its aim is to make machine learning possible for novice users by means of a simple, consistent API, while simultaneously exploiting C++ language features to provide maximum performance and maximum flexibility for expert users. It contains algorithms such as k-means, Gaussian mixture models, hidden Markov models, density estimation trees, kernel PCA, locality-sensitive hashing, sparse coding, linear regression and least-angle regression.
RecDB is a recommendation engine built entirely inside PostgreSQL 9.2. It allows application developers to build recommendation applications using a wide variety of built-in recommendation algorithms such as user-user collaborative filtering, item-item collaborative filtering, and singular value decomposition. Applications powered by RecDB can produce online and flexible personalized recommendations to end-users. It is easily used and configured and allows novice developers to define a variety of recommenders that fits their application's needs in few lines of SQL. It can seamlessly integrate recommendation functionality with traditional database operations.
Thinknowlogy is grammar-based software, designed to utilize the Natural Laws of Intelligence in grammar, in order to create intelligence through natural language in software. This is demonstrated by programming in natural language, reasoning in natural language and drawing conclusions (more detailed than scientific solutions), making assumptions (with self-adjusting level of uncertainty), asking questions (about gaps in the knowledge), and detecting conflicts in the knowledge. It builds semantics autonomously (with no vocabularies or words lists), detecting some cases of semantic ambiguity. It is multi-grammar, proving that Natural Laws of Intelligence are universal.
pyuds is a Python library for measuring uncertainty in the Dempster-Shafer theory of evidence. The functionals supported are the Generalized Hartley (GH) uncertainty functional, Generalized Shannon (GS) uncertainty functional, and Aggregate Uncertainty (AU) functional. The library can be utilized either through its API, or through a user-friendly Web interface.
Milk is a machine learning toolkit in Python. Its focus is on supervised classification with several classifiers available: SVMs (based on libsvm), k-NN, random forests, and decision trees. It also performs feature selection. These classifiers can be combined in many ways to form different classification systems. For unsupervised learning, milk supports k-means clustering and affinity propagation.
MyMediaLite is a lightweight, multi-purpose library of recommender system algorithms. It addresses the two most common scenarios in collaborative filtering: rating prediction (e.g. on a scale of 1 to 5 stars), and item prediction from implicit feedback (e.g. from clicks or purchase actions). It contains dozens of recommender engines, including state-of-the-art matrix factorization methods. It also supports real-time updates to the recommender engines, storing engines to disk and reloading them again, and several evaluation measures to compare the accuracy of different recommender system methods. Three command-line programs that offer most of the functionality contained in the library are included.