Lush is a Lisp dialect with extensions for object-oriented and array-oriented programming. It is intended as a programming environment for prototyping numerically intensive applications. Unlike alternatives like Python or SciLab, Lush is designed for easy integration of existing C/C++/Fortran codes.
The MP3 Streaming DownSampler for PHP is written with cable modem/DSL users with low upstream caps in mind. Using LAME, it dynamically downsamples a requested MP3 to a bitrate which can be streamed. It doesn't use temporary files, so you don't have to take the time to do any batching, and you just give it a directory with symlinks to your music in a place the Web server can reach. The interface is simplistic and fast, meant for immediate plug and play access.
SlimServer provides an elegant and easy to use interface for playback of music stored in many audio formats, and supports Internet radio stations, playlist management, Web access, and an infrared remote control. The music remains on the host computer and streams over the network to any streaming audio client.
MidiKeys is a little application that displays a piano keyboard onscreen. You can click the keyboard or use the computer keyboard to play MIDI notes. The keyboard window can be made to float on top of other applications and supports transparency. Also, MidiKeys will optionally set up hotkeys for the computer keyboard so you can play notes in other applications (such as a sequencer) without having to switch back to MidiKeys. It works great on a PowerBook!
SynthTest is a somewhat simple application for OS X that allows you to pick a MIDI source, a MusicDevice AudioUnit, and an Effect or MusicEffect AudioUnit to play with. You can open an edit window for both the synth and effect. If they do not have a custom edit GUI, the generic editor view will be used. SynthTest has a reference implementation of preset support for Audio Units. It is primarily intended to be used by Audio Unit developers for testing purposes (the source is available), although it can be great fun to play with all by itself. It is complete enough to be used for live performances.
Hydrogen is a simple real-time Drum machine/sequencer. It features a graphical user interface based on Qt, a sample-based audio engine, Jack/ALSA/OSS/PortAudio and Export to disk audio drivers, ALSA MIDI input, ability to import/export XML-based song and drumkit files, 192 ticks per pattern, 16 voices with volume, mute, solo, ADSR, and pan capabilities, and import of samples in wave, au, and aiff format.