hamsterdb Embedded Storage is an embedded database engine written in ANSI-C. It includes B+Trees with variable length keys and records. It supports in-memory databases and endian-independent files, database cursors, multiple databases in one file, "record number" databases, and duplicate keys. hamsterdb is very fast and highly configurable. It compiles and runs on Unix platforms, Linux, Microsoft Windows, and Windows CE.
BlackRay is a relational database system designed to offer performance features commonly associated with search engines. It offers SQL support and sophisticated operational and management features. Load-balancing and operational stability by means of N+1 redundance are included. BlackRay is called a "Data Engine" since it combines traditional, relational database features and SQL with the power and flexibility of search engines. It is a true hybrid, offering transaction support, data-versioned snapshots, and sophisticated function-based indices. Wildcards, phonetic, and fuzzy logic searches are supported, as well. BlackRay supports a subset of the SQL92 standard and provides JDBC/ODBC/native driver options via the PostgreSQL protocol, in addition to an API based query option. The project is released under the GPLv2, with some drivers available under BSD-style licenses. Commercial support contracts are available as well.
HailDB is a relational database in shared library form that can be embedded into applications. It is not a SQL database, although you can use this library as the storage backend for a SQL database. It features a clean and simple API and is a continuation of the Embedded InnoDB project. With the addition of the HailDB plugin to Drizzle, you get a full SQL interface.
MariaDB is a database server that offers drop-in replacement functionality for MySQL. It is built by some of the original authors of MySQL, with assistance from the broader community. In addition to the core functionality of MySQL, it offers a rich set of feature enhancements including alternate storage engines, server optimizations, and patches.