Allegro is a multi-platform game library for C/C++ developers that provides many functions for graphics, sounds, player input (keyboard, mouse, and joystick), and timers. It also provides fixed and floating point mathematical functions, 3D functions, file management functions, compressed datafile, and a GUI.
Mup produces very high quality PostScript printed music or a MIDI file from a text input file. It can handle almost any kind of music, instrumental or vocal, including tablature, shaped notes, guitar grids, alternate tunings, user-defined symbols, and much more. Mup has been under active development since 1992.
Csound is a powerful and yet easy to use musical synthesis package. Csound was constructed in the tradition of so-called music-N languages, among which the best-known is Music V. It consists of an orchestra- and score-driven executable, written in C for portability. Since Csound is a computational language, it is highly flexible and efficient; complexity is gained only at the expense of computation power. Basically, Csound reads some files and creates the result as a sound file on disk or, on faster machines, in real time through a DAC.
The CMU Midi Toolkit (CMT) is a collection of software for writing interactive MIDI software in C. It includes a number of handy utilities along with an application "shell" that provides timing, scheduling, and MIDI interfaces that are portable across DOS, Mac, SGI, and Amiga platforms.