John the Ripper is a fast password cracker, currently available for many flavors of Unix, Windows, DOS, BeOS, and OpenVMS. Its primary purpose is to detect weak Unix passwords. It supports several crypt(3) password hash types commonly found on Unix systems, as well as Windows LM hashes. On top of this, lots of other hashes and ciphers are added in the community-enhanced version (-jumbo), and some are added in John the Ripper Pro.
Vim is an almost fully-compatible version of the Unix editor Vi. Many new features have been added including multi-level undo, syntax highlighting, commandline history, online help, filename completion, and block operations. It is descended from the vi clone "stevie" and runs on many systems, including Unix, MS Windows, OS/2, Macintosh, VMS, and Amiga.
FIGlet is a program for making large letters out of ordinary text. It prints its input using large characters made up of ordinary screen characters. FIGlet output is generally reminiscent of the sort of "signatures" many people like to put at the end of email and UseNet messages. It is also reminiscent of the output of some banner programs, although it is oriented normally, not sideways.
Free Java is a development environment designed to help beginners write Java programs. Its editor includes syntax highlighting and an undo/redo function. It features a structure panel and a file browser. Compiling and running a program can be done with the push of a single button, and compiler errors are shown clearly. There is also a virtual console to show a program's console output. Free Java is based on J2SDK 1.3.
Change is a non-interactive text editor, similar to sed, but much easier to use. It works by substituting a specified target pattern in the source text with another specified text pattern. It can operate on multiple files specified on the command line, or it can operate upon stdin/stdout in filter mode.
compare is similar to cmp but faster and with better readable output. compare examines one file and standard in, or two files on a byte by byte basis, and prints the file position of the first difference it finds, first in decimal and then in hexadecimal, followed by the differing byte content in hexadecimal and a quoted character.
p is a pager like more or less. It is more conservative with screen handling and thus does not screw up the screen as easily as more or less. p uses its own termcap package with TERMPATH support that makes it easy to have a local .termcap file in the user's home directory to override bad termcap entries. p supports three text attributes for nroff: bold, italic, and bold-italic. p is able to find patterns in higlighted text, unlike more or less. p also filters out unprintable characters.