strongSwan is a complete IPsec implementation for the Linux, Android, Maemo, FreeBSD, and Mac OS X operating systems. It interoperates with with most other IPsec-based VPN products via the IKEv2 or IKEv1 key exchange protocols. The focus of the strongSwan project is on strong authentication mechanisms using X.509 public key certificates and optional secure storage of private keys on smartcards through a standardized PKCS#11 interface. A rich choice of modular plugins adds additional features like Trusted Network Connect or advanced cryptographical algorithms.
Botan is a crypto library written in C++. It provides a variety of cryptographic algorithms, including common ones such as AES, MD5, SHA, HMAC, RSA, Diffie-Hellman, DSA, and ECDSA, as well as many others that are more obscure or specialized. It also offers SSL/TLS (client and server), X.509v3 certificates and CRLs, and PKCS #10 certificate requests. A message processing system that uses a filter/pipeline metaphor allows for many common cryptographic tasks to be completed with just a few lines of code. Assembly and SIMD optimizations for common CPUs offers speedups for critical algorithms like AES and SHA-1.
Dar is a shell command that makes backup of a directory tree and files. Its features include splitting archives over several files, DVD, CD, ZIP, or floppies, compression, full or differential backups, strong encryption, proper saving and restoration of hard links, extended attributes, file forks, Door inodes, and sparse files, remote backup using pipes and external commands (such as ssh), and rearrangement of the "slices" of an existing archive. It can run commands between slices, before and after saving some defined files or directories (for a proper database backup, for example), and quickly retrieve individual files from differential and full backups. Several external GUIs exist as alternatives to its CLI interface, like kdar, DarGUI, SaraB, etc.
MEO is a powerful data encryption application to encrypt or decrypt files of any type, including Microsoft Word, email, and PDF documents. It can also create self-extracting encrypted files. This is handy for those who like to view their encrypted files without installing any other encryption software. Also, many downloads supply a checksum or hash value for you to verify the integrity of your download. Meo allows you to create and verify MD5 checksums, SHA-1 hashes, and Tiger Tree hashes.
NetCrack is cluster software developed to distribute a hashing algorithm's cracking process work using a brute force attack. Currently, it only supports the two most commonly used hashing algorithms: MD5 and SHA-1. Support is included for MySQL, safe mode, and others. It works like a client/server application, where the server is unique for each cluster network and its job is to distribute the cracking process work, coordinate the nodes, and prevent connections and data integrity errors.
tkpg is a program that provides a GUI front end to Philip Zimmermann's Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) public-key encryption system and also the GNU Privacy Guard (GnuPG/gpg) implementation. It utilizes the Clipboard Selection heavily to ease moving pgp-processed text both to and from any of your applications (such as mail reader, news reader, and editor). This removes the need to select the output text by hand or by typing in a filename, since it is usually placed in the Selection automatically for you.
PyCryptoPlus is a cryptographic module similar to PyCrypto, with which it shares the API. But PyCryptoPlus is written 100% in Python, so its primary interest is educational and scientific; if you want real speed, you're better checking out PyCrypto. It was not completely written from scratch, but integrates other cipher codes when available in Python and under appropriate licenses. It contains, among other things: Block cipher algorithms (Serpent, Blowfish, Twofish, DES, 3DES, AES, Rijndael, and PRESENT); modes of operation (CMAC, ECB, CBC, CTR, and XTS); paddings (bit padding, zeros, PKCS7, PKCS12, ISO 10126, and ANSI X.923); and one-way functions (MD5, SHA1/SHA2, Whirlpool, RipeMD, RadioGatun, HMAC, and PBKDF2).
MatrixSSL is an embedded SSL and TLS implementation designed for small footprint devices and applications requiring low overhead per connection. The library is less than 50K on disk with cipher suites. It includes SSL and TLS client and server support, session resumption, and implementations of RSA, AES, 3DES, ARC4, SHA1, and MD5. The source is well documented and contains portability layers for additional operating systems, cipher suites, and cryptography providers.
John the Ripper is a fast password cracker, currently available for many flavors of Unix, Windows, DOS, BeOS, and OpenVMS. Its primary purpose is to detect weak Unix passwords. It supports several crypt(3) password hash types commonly found on Unix systems, as well as Windows LM hashes. On top of this, lots of other hashes and ciphers are added in the community-enhanced version (-jumbo), and some are added in John the Ripper Pro.