Flora is a minimalistic but very powerful NoSQL database. It is easy to understand with data readable by both humans and machines, schemaless, Lua-scriptable, remotely accessible through TCP, and portable. It is especially suited for A. I. tasks, and a longer-term goal is support for "natural language" queries.
Xapian is a search engine library, scalable to collections containing hundreds of millions of documents. It's written in C++ with bindings for Perl, Python, PHP, Java, Tcl, C#, Ruby, and Lua. It is a highly adaptable toolkit that allows developers to easily add advanced indexing and search facilities to their own applications. It supports the Probabilistic Information Retrieval model and also a rich set of boolean query operators. Omega is a Web search application built upon the Xapian library. It can index a Web server's document tree (including HTML, PDF, OpenOffice, MS Word/Excel/Powerpoint/Works, WordPerfect, RTF, PS, etc.), or data exported from arbitrary sources (e.g. SQL databases).
C/Invoke is a library which can call C functions at runtime with no prior knowledge of the function prototypes. This capability is used to allow any language to call native libraries without writing a separate module in C, similar to the P/Invoke functionality of the .NET framework.