Bitcoin is a peer-to-peer electronic cash system that is completely decentralized, without the need for a central server or trusted parties. Users hold the crypto keys to their own money and transact directly with each other, with the help of a P2P network to check for double-spending.
Genit is a framework that builds a static Web site, which does not require a server side programming language or database. Generated sites consist only of XHTML code (plus CSS and media). It runs from the command line, is based on XML, and is designed to be simple, readable, and minimalist.
ChiMeRA is a configuration management tool designed around three basic concepts. The first is a framework for managing servers, allowing for command execution and file transfer over SSH. The second is a repository for managing files that enables change tracking, archiving, and management of various user definable configuration files across multiple servers through a standard revision control tool. The third concept is an aesthetic principle of simplicity, giving administrators straightforward interfaces to manage complicated environments.
Backshift is a deduplicating (variable-sized, content-based blocks), compressing (xz or bz2) backup program. Full saves and incrementals are pretty indistinct other than the amount of data transmitted, somewhat like with "rsync --link-dest" but without the huge number of hardlinks. It also de-duplicates large file content at a granularity of about 2 megabytes on average; there tends to be a unique copy of each file with size less than around 2 megabytes on average.
nyu is a combination of modern academic approaches to parsing formal grammars from PEGs and expression grammars that represents the new state of the art in parser generators. nyu grammars are written in a powerful language based on PEGs (parsing expression grammars) but with modifications to allow both the AST and the parser to be specified intuitively in a single grammar. nyu outputs parsers that take advantage of the chilon::parser meta-programming library for C++. The generated parsers are almost as concise and readable as the input grammars, yet perform as well as hand-written C code. nyu ASTs are built using tuples, variant types, and lists, and allow self referential parsers and AST nodes to be manipulated. Advanced features such as hashed containers and grammar inheritance are also possible and well tested. nyu is currently powerful enough to deal with complex grammars and bootstraps its own parser.
Pito is a set of C++0x header libraries to facilitate writing system call interceptor libraries based on LD_PRELOAD wrappers. The program "pito" is also provided for loading Unix commands with such wrappers. This system is capable of passing command line arguments to loaded plugins for easy configuration. Pito is supplied with a powerful system call sandbox library to prevent modifications to supplied filesystem locations and a system call logging library.