Backshift is a deduplicating (variable-sized, content-based blocks), compressing (xz or bz2) backup program. Full saves and incrementals are pretty indistinct other than the amount of data transmitted, somewhat like with "rsync --link-dest" but without the huge number of hardlinks. It also de-duplicates large file content at a granularity of about 2 megabytes on average; there tends to be a unique copy of each file with size less than around 2 megabytes on average.
Bitcoin is a peer-to-peer electronic cash system that is completely decentralized, without the need for a central server or trusted parties. Users hold the crypto keys to their own money and transact directly with each other, with the help of a P2P network to check for double-spending.
ChiMeRA is a configuration management tool designed around three basic concepts. The first is a framework for managing servers, allowing for command execution and file transfer over SSH. The second is a repository for managing files that enables change tracking, archiving, and management of various user definable configuration files across multiple servers through a standard revision control tool. The third concept is an aesthetic principle of simplicity, giving administrators straightforward interfaces to manage complicated environments.
Genit is a framework that builds a static Web site, which does not require a server side programming language or database. Generated sites consist only of XHTML code (plus CSS and media). It runs from the command line, is based on XML, and is designed to be simple, readable, and minimalist.