APBS is a software package for the numerical solution of the Poisson-Boltzmann equation (PBE), one of the most popular continuum models for describing electrostatic interactions between molecular solutes in salty, aqueous media. Continuum electrostatics plays an important role in several areas of biomolecular simulation, including simulation of diffusional processes to determine ligand-protein and protein-protein binding kinetics, implicit solvent molecular dynamics of biomolecules, solvation and binding energy calculations to determine ligand-protein and protein-protein equilibrium binding constants and aid in rational drug design, and biomolecular titration studies.
The ATLAS (Automatically Tuned Linear Algebra Software) project is an ongoing research effort focusing on applying empirical techniques in order to provide portable performance. It provides C and Fortran77 interfaces to a portably efficient BLAS implementation, as well as a few routines from LAPACK.
Babel is an IDL-based language interoperability tool specific to engineering and scientific applications. It allows Fortran 77, Fortran 90, C, C++, Java, and Python to call each other in a single address space for maximum performance. Babel won a 2006 R&D 100 award from R&D Magazine.
The CFD General Notation System (CGNS) provides a general, portable, and extensible standard for the storage and retrieval of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis data. CGNS is designed to facilitate the exchange of data between sites and applications, and to help stabilize the archiving of aerodynamic data.
Cactus is a general, modular, parallel environment for solving systems of partial differential equations. The code has been developed over many years by a large international collaboration of numerical relativity and computational science research groups and can be used to provide a portable platform for solving any system of partial differential equations.
The National Space Science Data Center's (NSSDC) Common Data Format (CDF) is a self-describing data abstraction for the storage and manipulation of multidimensional data in a platform- and discipline-independent fashion. It consists of a scientific data management package (known as the "CDF Library") that allows programmers and application developers to manage and manipulate scalar, vector, and multi-dimensional data arrays.
Elemental is a C++ framework for distributed-memory dense linear algebra that strives to be fast, portable, and programmable. It can be thought of as a generalization of PLAPACK to element-by-element distributions that also makes use of recent algorithmic advances from the FLAME project. Elemental usually outperforms both PLAPACK and ScaLAPACK, however, it heavily relies on MPI collectives so a good MPI implementation is crucial. Both pure MPI and hybrid OpenMP-MPI configurations are supported.
The GRASP Project has created an algorithmic-level graphical representation for software called the Control Structure Diagram (CSD). The CSD was created to improve the comprehension efficiency of Ada source code and, as a result, improve software reliability and reduce software costs. Since its creation, the CSD has been expanded and adapted to include other languages. GRASP provides the capability to generate CSD's from Ada 95, C, C++, Java, and VHDL source code in both a reverse and forward engineering mode with a level of flexibility suitable for professional application. GRASP has been integrated with the GNU family of compilers for Ada (GNAT) and C (gcc), and Sun's javac compiler for Java. Use of GRASP is not restricted to these compilers, however. This has resulted in a comprehensive graphically-based development environment for these languages. The user may view, edit, print, and compile source code as CSDs with no discernible addition to storage or computational overhead.