Flora is a minimalistic but very powerful NoSQL database. It is easy to understand with data readable by both humans and machines, schemaless, Lua-scriptable, remotely accessible through TCP, and portable. It is especially suited for A. I. tasks, and a longer-term goal is support for "natural language" queries.
MySQL Workbench is a cross-platform, graphical database modeling tool for MySQL. It allows you to create database models from scratch as well as by importing existing databases from SQL or DBDesigner4 models. You can then generate SQL code to CREATE databases, ALTER them, and export in various image formats and PDF/PS. Its extension system allows writing plugins and scripts in Lua, Python, and C++.