Newpods can help you sync recently downloaded podcasts to your portable device. It will look through a directory tree to find podcasts that have been downloaded since the last time the program was run. It will then insert two commands into the bash history list: one to pushd to the podcast directory on your portable device, so you can clean out old files as needed, and one to copy the new podcasts to your portable device. If you're tired of copying files by hand, but don't want to use a heavyweight GUI solution, newpods might be right for you.
Naiocast is a Web based streaming server, similar to SHOUTcast and Icecast. It currently supports MP3 audio streams only. It can be used to create an Internet radio station or a privately running jukebox. It requires neither expensive dedicated servers nor compilation on the target machine. The project includes: Naiocast Server, which accepts a stream sent from a computer and sends it to listeners over standard HTTP; and naioSC, which sends the audio stream to a Naiocast server to broadcast to clients. It runs typically in the place where the audio is generated.
Plait (pronounced "play") is a command-line jukebox and music player front end. It understands brief, easy to type queries that pick a single song, mix queries that combine works from multiple artists, and stream queries that find Shoutcast radio streams. A variety of filters are available to pick just the music you want to hear. In order to actually play the music it finds, Plait automatically hands off a playlist to one of the supported music players, or creates a playlist that you can manually load.
Podget is a simple podcast aggregator optimized for running as a scheduled background job (i.e. cron). It features support for downloading podcasts from RSS and XML feeds, for sorting the podcasts into folders and categories, for importing podcast URLs from iTunes PCAST files and OPML lists, automatic M3U and ASX playlist creation, and automatic cleanup of old podcasts. It also features automatic UTF-16 conversion for podcasts hosted on Windows servers.