The CMU Midi Toolkit (CMT) is a collection of software for writing interactive MIDI software in C. It includes a number of handy utilities along with an application "shell" that provides timing, scheduling, and MIDI interfaces that are portable across DOS, Mac, SGI, and Amiga platforms.
Csound is a powerful and yet easy to use musical synthesis package. Csound was constructed in the tradition of so-called music-N languages, among which the best-known is Music V. It consists of an orchestra- and score-driven executable, written in C for portability. Since Csound is a computational language, it is highly flexible and efficient; complexity is gained only at the expense of computation power. Basically, Csound reads some files and creates the result as a sound file on disk or, on faster machines, in real time through a DAC.
Mup produces very high quality PostScript printed music or a MIDI file from a text input file. It can handle almost any kind of music, instrumental or vocal, including tablature, shaped notes, guitar grids, alternate tunings, user-defined symbols, and much more. Mup has been under active development since 1992.