CGILua is a tool for developing dynamic HTML pages and manipulating input data from forms. It uses the interpreted language Lua for codifying its scripts. It has been on the road for almost 8 years now, being used in many Web products and sites. It is extensible through Lua libraries and dynamic loading of C/C++ libraries. Scripts can be written as Lua programs or HTML templates (HTML with Lua code embedded). Scripts are platform-independent.
SWIG is a software development tool that connects programs written in C and C++ with a variety of high-level programming languages. SWIG is primarily used with common scripting languages such as Perl, PHP, Python, Tcl/Tk, and Ruby, however the list of supported languages also includes non-scripting languages such as C#, Common Lisp (CLISP, Allegro CL, UFFI), Java, Modula-3, OCAML, Octave, and R. Also several interpreted and compiled Scheme implementations (Guile, MzScheme, Chicken) are supported. SWIG is most commonly used to create high-level interpreted or compiled programming environments, user interfaces, and as a tool for testing and prototyping C/C++ software. SWIG can also export its parse tree in the form of XML and Lisp s-expressions.
Lua-Sqlite3 is a binding of SQLite 3 for Lua. It is unique in contrast to other database bindings that it consists of two layers. The first layer translates the SQLite 3 implementation's C API to Lua. The second layers are interface layers, written in Lua. These layers provide a nice and smart view of the database.