emlog is a Linux kernel module that makes it easy to access the most recent (and only the most recent) output from a process. It works just like "tail -f" on a log file, except that the storage required never grows. This can be useful in embedded systems where there isn't enough memory or disk space for keeping complete log files, but the most recent debugging messages are sometimes needed.
The ip-masq-log patch can be used on a masquerading firewall (NAT) to keep a log of all the outgoing masqueraded TCP connections. It's even possible to log the name of the user who has opened the connection. This can be a useful security tool for many small networks that are hidden by a masquerading box if users cannot be totally trusted.
grsecurity is a complete security system for Linux 2.4 and 2.6 that implements a detection/prevention/containment strategy. It prevents most forms of address space modification, confines programs via its Role-Based Access Control system, hardens syscalls, provides full-featured auditing, and implements many of the OpenBSD randomness features. It was written for performance, ease-of-use, and security. The RBAC system has an intelligent learning mode that can generate least privilege policies for the entire system with no configuration. All of grsecurity supports a feature that logs the IP of the attacker that causes an alert or audit.
Hardened Debian improves Debian GNU/Linux with high security and hardening features, hardened kernels and packages, DHKP, and other security related enhancements. It makes systems more difficult to compromise using common attacks such as race conditions, chroot jail escapes, and buffer overflows.
The sniffy project can trace/log the data of any pseudo terminal in the system. Due to the way the terminal works, such a terminal trace provides complete information of what happened on the terminal screen, and sniffy is able to display/replay this information. It consists of a kernel module able to connect/hook on the pseudo terminal, a program to display the contents of any pseudo terminal on the fly, a daemon process tracing the pseudo terminal content into the file, and a replay program to replay any stored pseudo terminal session.