MDK (MIX Development Kit) provides tools for developing and executing, in a MIX virtual machine, MIXAL programs. The MIX is Donald Knuth's mythical computer, described in the first volume of The Art of Computer Programming, which is programmed using MIXAL, the MIX assembly language. MDK includes a MIXAL assembler (mixasm), a MIX virtual machine (mixvm) with a command line interface, a Guile-based virtual machine (mixguile), a GTK+ based GUI (gmixvm), and a mixvm-Emacs interface (mixvm.el). MDK utilities are extensible using Scheme.
Steel Bank Common Lisp is a development environment for Common Lisp, with excellent support for the ANSI standard: garbage collection, lexical closures, powerful macros, strong dynamic typing, incremental compilation, and the famous Common Lisp Object System (multimethods and all). It also includes many extensions, such as native threads, socket support, a statistical profiler, programmable streams, and more. These are all available through an integrated, interactive native compiler which feels like an interpreter. SBCL is unique in being a multiplatform native compiler which bootstraps itself completely from source, using a C compiler and any other ANSI Common Lisp implementation.
Librep is a shared library implementing a Lisp dialect that is lightweight, reasonably fast, and highly extensible. It contains an interpreter, byte-code compiler, and virtual machine. Applications may use the interpreter as an extension language, or it may be used for standalone scripts. Rep was originally inspired by Emacs Lisp. However one of the main deficiencies of elisp--the reliance on dynamic scope--has been removed. Also, rep only has a single namespace for symbols.
Lush is a Lisp dialect with extensions for object-oriented and array-oriented programming. It is intended as a programming environment for prototyping numerically intensive applications. Unlike alternatives like Python or SciLab, Lush is designed for easy integration of existing C/C++/Fortran codes.
InteLib is a library of C++ classes that lets you do Lisp/Scheme programming within your C++ programs, even without any additional preprocessing, without all those calling conventions. You can write code that is accepted by a C++ compiler while thinking in a "Lisp/Scheme mode", and the code you write will look much like Lisp/Scheme code, although it will be pure C++.
Jess is a fast, light rule engine and scripting environment written entirely in Java. You can build Java software that has the capacity to "reason" using knowledge you supply in the form of declarative rules. It is supplied as a programmer's library, making it ideal for embedding in larger applications. Jess includes development tools built on the Eclipse platform. It is free for academic use and can be licensed for commercial use.