Smart is a package manager (like APT or Yum) that works with several backends including RPM, dpkg, and Slackware packages. It uses an algorithm that will not only find a solution, if one is available, but will find the best solution. This is done by quickly weighting every possible solution with a pluggable policy, which redefines the term "best" depending on the operation goal (install, remove, upgrade, etc.).
ProteomeCommons.org Java Analysis Framework is a framework for referencing common mass spectrometry data such as atoms and residues. This framework provides a programmer with an easy-to-use library for writing programs that rely on common mass spectrometry data. The framework also contains utilities such as an isotope calculator and a reference for residue abbreviations.
Grml is a live system (live CD) based on Debian. It includes a collection of GNU/Linux software especially for system administrators and users of texttools. It provides automatic hardware detection and its default shell is the zsh. You can use it e.g. as a rescue system, for analyzing systems/networks, or as a working environment. It is not necessary to install anything to a hard disk; you don't even need a hard disk to run it. Due to on-the-fly decompression, it includes more than 2 GB of software and documentation on the CD.
Galapagos is a fairly detail artificial life project in which a number of creatures are simulated over time. The simulation follows a number of laws which are inspired by, although not replicating, the standard laws of nature. By implementing mutations and crossovers and the implicit natural selection in the simulation, the overall result is an evolution of the creatures in which new breeds of creatures fullfilling different ecological niches arise.