sudosh can be used as a default login shell or a filter that takes advantage of PTY devices in order to sit between the user's keyboard and a program, in this case a shell. It was designed specifically to be used in conjunction with sudo, and allows the execution of a root or application shell with logging. It is basically a VCR and will record root shell sessions and also has the ability to play back the sessions as they were originally recorded. It records all input/output, keyboard input, and timing information so that the session can be played back in the original format.
PLD RescueCD is a bootable disk that contains a live Linux distribution based on PLD Linux x86 and x86-64. It uses transparent xz compression to fit about 180 MB of software onto a single mini CD in a usable form. It can be used to rescue ailing machines, perform intrusion post-mortems, or act as a temporary secure Linux-based workstation. It is possible to boot via PXE and from USB devices.
Plash is a sandbox for running GNU/Linux programs with minimum privileges. It is suitable for running both command line and GUI programs. It can dynamically grant Gtk-based GUI applications access rights to individual files that you want to open or edit. This happens transparently through the Open/Save file chooser dialog box, by replacing GtkFileChooserDialog. Plash virtualizes the file namespace and provides per-process/per-sandbox namespaces. It can grant processes read-only or read-write access to specific files and directories, mapped at any point in the filesystem namespace. It does not require modifications to the Linux kernel.
toast is a simple package manager for Unix. It automatically locates and downloads source code, determines how to compile it, installs each package in its own directory tree, and makes the resulting binaries available through an encap/GNU stow-like symlink tree. It also supports binary packages. It is often used to install and manage software in a non-root user's home directory.
LUFS is a hybrid userspace filesystem framework supporting many "exotic" filesystems (localfs, sshfs, ftpfs, httpfs, socketfs, freenetfs, and nutellafs) transparently for any application. It can be regarded as doing the same job as the VFS (virtual filesystem switch) in the kernel: it is a switch, distributing the filesystem calls to its supported filesystems. However, LUFS filesystems are implemented in userspace. This would be a drawback for local filesystems where the access speed is important, but proves to be a huge advantage for networked filesystems where the userland flexibility is most important.
Kevux is an operating system based mainly on GNU operating programs and a Linux kernel, all compiled with uclibc instead of the more common glibc. It is not FHS or LSB compatible. Compared to other Linux distributions, Kevux is space efficient (making it suitable for USB disk operation) and difficult to hack into.
openMosix is a a set of extensions to the standard Linux kernel allowing you to build a cluster of out of off-the-shelf PC hardware. openMosix scales perfectly up to thousands of nodes. You do not need to modify your applications to benefit from your cluster (unlike PVM, MPI, Linda, etc.). Processes in openMosix migrate transparently between nodes and the cluster will always auto-balance.
Warewulf is an operating system management toolkit designed to facilitate large scale deployments of homogeneous and heterogeneous systems on physical, virtual and cloud based infrastructures. Originally, the Warewulf project pioneered the concept of stateless computing in HPC, setting the standard for large-scale cluster provisioning. It provided two functions, provisioning and monitoring but the two functions did not communicate within Warewulf itself, nor was it possible to hook other functions directly into Warewulf itself. Today, Warewulf is more than just a basic provisioning and monitoring solution as it now implements an abstract, object-oriented data store and a modular interface that facilitates a highly extensible, customizable feature set. Current and planned modules include monitoring (operating system, services, filesystems, etc.), provisioning, power management, user management, configuration management, event/trigger handling and notification, scheduler integration, cloud services (both local and remote), etc.
Nexenta is a complete GNU-based operating system built on top of the OpenSolaris kernel and runtime. The Debian system is used for software distribution and packaging to glue the numerous pieces together. However, Nexenta is not currently part of the Debian Project, nor are its packages present in the Debian database. It includes Apache, MySQL, Perl, Python, PHP, Firefox, Evolution, a software update manager, Synaptic package manager, Gaim, Abiword, administration and development utilities, editors, graphics, GNOME, interpreters, libraries, and much more.
Chakra Linux is a Linux distribution that combines the simplicity of Arch Linux with KDE. It is fast, user-friendly, and extremely powerful. It can be used as a live CD or installed to hard disk. Chakra is currently under heavy and active development. It features a graphical installer and automatic hardware configuration. Chakra provides a modular and tweaked package set of the KDE Software Compilation with a lot of useful additions. It features the concept of half-rolling releases and freshly cooked packages and bundles. It is designed for people who really want to learn something about Linux or don't want to deal with administrative overhead.