audio-entropyd feeds the /dev/random device with entropy data read from an audio device. The audio data is not copied as is, but first 'de-biased' and analyzed to determine how many bits of entropy are in it. This program is useful for systems doing many cryptographic tasks like VPN endpoints or GPG clients; it helps prevent the /dev/random device from being depleted and blocking reads.
CDSA stands for Common Data Security Architecture. It provides a security framework that includes cryptographically signed modules to present an abstracted unified API to the application developer to perform cryptographic and security related operations. It also includes hardware support for cryptographic tokens and biometric devices, such as thumbprint scanners. Intel has implemented the CDSA 2 specification and released it as open source.
CIPE (Crypto IP Encapsulation) is an ongoing project to build encrypting IP routers. The protocol used is as lightweight as possible. It is designed for passing encrypted packets between prearranged routers in the form of UDP packets. This is not as flexible as IPSEC but it is enough for the original intended purpose: securely connecting subnets over an insecure transit network.
distributed.net is a loosely knit group of computer users from all of the world that is taking up challenges requiring lots of computing power (most notably the RC5, DES, and OGR cracking contests). It is simple to participate in the challenges by downloading and running their client software (which uses idle CPU time to complete its tasks).
iSSL (independant Secure Sockets Layer) is a minimalistic cryptographical API that uses the RSA and AES ciphers to establish SSL-alike, secure encrypted communications between two peers communicating through a network socket, including session key generation and public key exchange.