The Advanced Linux Sound Architecture is composed of several parts. The first is a fully modularized sound driver which supports module autoloading, devfs, isapnp autoconfiguration, and gives complete access to analog audio, digital audio, control, mixer, synthesizer, DSP, MIDI, and timer components of audio hardware. It also includes a fully-featured kernel-level sequencer, a full compatibility layer for OSS/Free applications, an object-oriented C library which covers and enhances the ALSA kernel driver functionality for applications (client/server, plugins, PCM sharing/multiplexing, PCM metering, etc.), an interactive configuration program for the driver, and some simple utilities for basic management.
v4l-utils is a collection of various video4linux (V4L) and DVB utilities. libv4l is an accompanying collection of libraries that adds a thin abstraction layer on top of video4linux2 (V4L2) devices. The purpose of this layer is to make it easy for application writers to support a wide variety of devices without having to write separate code for different devices in the same class. It consists of 3 different libraries. libv4lconvert offers functions to convert from any (known) pixel format to V4l2_PIX_FMT_BGR24 or V4l2_PIX_FMT_YUV420. libv4l1 offers the (deprecated) v4l1 API on top of v4l2 devices, independent of the drivers for those devices supporting v4l1 compatibility (which many v4l2 drivers do not). libv4l2 offers the v4l2 API on top of v4l2 devices, while adding support for the application transparent libv4lconvert conversion where necessary.
LIRC is a package that supports receiving and sending IR signals of the most common IR remote controls. It contains a daemon that decodes and sends IR signals, a mouse daemon that translates IR signals to mouse movements, and a couple of user programs that allow to control your computer with a remote control.
cdstatus checks for drive errors, outputs disc information (such as type and table of contents), and is capable of ripping full CDs, using configurable track ranges and retry counts. It handles cddb lookups and makes use of per-user .cdstatus configuration files. It usually produces identical output to cdparanoia with much faster execution. It features direct-to-lame MP3 encoding and Ogg Vorbis encoding, as well as twolame support.
DirectFB is a thin library that provides developers with hardware graphics acceleration, input device handling and abstraction, an integrated windowing system with support for translucent windows and multiple display layers on top of the Linux framebuffer device. It is a complete hardware abstraction layer with software fallbacks for every graphics operation that is not supported by the underlying hardware.
Wacom ExpressKeys supports the fairly recent additions of ExpressKeys, Touch Strips, and a Scroll Wheel on certain Wacom tablets. Specifically the Cintiq 21UX Interactive Pen Display, the Intuos3, and the Graphire4 tablets are supported through the XInput and XTest extensions in X. Using "xsetwacom", it can also provide an automatic change of stylus pressure sensitivity (a.k.a. PressCurve) when going from one program window to the next. This feature is independent of the connected tablet model. A graphical configuration tool named "wacom-config" is under development.