GNUnet is a peer-to-peer framework with focus on providing security. All peer-to-peer messages in the network are confidential and authenticated. The framework provides a transport abstraction layer and can currently encapsulate the network traffic in UDP, TCP, HTTP, HTTPS, or direct 802.11 (WLAN). GNUnet supports accounting to provide contributing nodes with better service. The services built on top of the framework include anonymous file sharing and a virtual network providing IPv4-IPv6 transition via protocol translation over the P2P network.
Finnix is a small, self-contained, bootable Linux CD distribution ("LiveCD") for system administrators, based on Debian testing. You can use it to mount and manipulate hard drives and partitions, monitor networks, rebuild boot records, install other operating systems, and much more.
XTREEMFS is a distributed and replicated file system for the Internet. Clients and servers can be distributed world-wide. You can mount and access your files via the Internet from anywhere. You can easily replicate your files across data centers to reduce network consumption and latency and increase data availability.
INSERT (the Inside Security Rescue Toolkit) aims to be a multi-functional, multi-purpose disaster recovery and network analysis system. It boots from a credit card-sized CD-ROM and is basically a stripped-down version of Knoppix. It features good hardware detection, fluxbox, emelfm, links-hacked, ssh, tcpdump, nmap, chntpwd, and much more. It provides full read-write support for NTFS partitions (using ntfs-3g), and the ClamAV virus scanner (including a fairly recent signature database and a GUI). It provides partition handling with gParted and also has a network boot facility.
xlike is a patch collection for the Linux vanilla kernel. It includes as many stable enhancements for the Linux kernel as possible. These include code from Xen, Kernel Mode Linux, Rule Set Based Access Control, Novell AppArmor, Openswan, grsecurity, Linux VServer, Linux-PHC, web100, Nefilters, Suspend2, Speakup, SquashFS, UnionFS, Bootsplash, BadRAM, and more. It also contains many drivers and fixes.