The Advanced Bash Scripting Guide is both a reference and a tutorial on shell scripting. This comprehensive book, the equivalent of 1,000+ print pages, covers almost every aspect of shell scripting. It contains 382 profusely commented illustrative examples, a number of tables, and a cross-linked index/glossary. Not just a shell scripting tutorial, this book also provides an introduction to basic programming techniques, such as sorting and recursion. Included scripts are the Game of Life, a Perquackey variant, a Morse code trainer, and an implementation of the Gronsfeld Cipher. This book is suited for both individual study and classroom use. It covers Bash, up to and including version 4.2. Note that users of miniaturized single-board computers running Linux, such as the Raspberry Pi and the Beagle Bone, would find this Guide useful for learning and running Bash scripts to explore and expand the capabilities of these small, but powerful machines.
album is a free HTML/XHTML photo album and gallery generator that supports themes/skins. You can choose different themes or write your own to get different layouts and styles. It creates all your thumbnails (including directory thumbnails) and descends into directories so you can organize your photos. See the home page for more examples. album is also multi-lingual, with many languages being added all the time. N.B.: The purchase link is provided for donations; the software does not cost anything.
GNU Chess lets most modern computers play a full game of chess. It has a plain terminal interface but supports visual interfaces such as X-Windows "xboard" and Windows-for-PC "winboard" as well as a full 3-dimensional wooden chess-board protocol for the Novag Chess board enabling one to be relatively free of the computer itself.
chrony is a client and server for the Network Time Protocol (NTP). This program keeps your computer's clock accurate. It was specially designed to support systems with intermittent Internet connections, but it also works well in permanently connected environments. It can also use hardware reference clocks, the system real-time clock, or manual input as time references.
AFD is a program to automatically distribute files either locally or to remote hosts. The files are distributed by using FTP or SMTP, and can be sent in parallel and with priority. It provides a GUI to monitor and control the distribution and extensive logging of all activities.
GNU grep is based on a fast lazy-state deterministic matcher (about twice as fast as stock Unix egrep) hybridized with a Boyer-Moore-Gosper search for a fixed string that eliminates impossible text from being considered by the full regexp matcher without necessarily having to look at every character. The result is typically many times faster than Unix grep or egrep.
GT.M is a high end platform for developing transaction processing database applications. Individual database files in the terabyte range are supported; a logical database can consist of many files. It provides full support for ACID transactions using a Software Transaction Memory (STM) programming model and optimistic concurrency control. The GT.M data model is hierarchical associative memory (i.e. multi-dimensional arrays) that imposes no restriction on the data types of the indexes or content, nor any restriction on the schema is that imposed by the application. Such databases are also referred to as "document oriented", "schemaless", or "schema-free".