NASLite is a Network Attached Storage (NAS) server operating system designed to transform a basic computer into a dedicated file server. Utilizing highly optimized versions of Samba, uCLibc, BusyBox, and various other Linux tools, it provides SMB/CIFS, FTP, or NFS filesystem support. It accommodates multiple client OSes: Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux. NASLite offers SMART disk monitoring and large file support, and is incredibly easy to install and administer.
TrinityOS is a step-by-step, example-driven HOWTO on building a very functional Linux box with strong security in mind. TrinityOS is well known for its strong packet firewall ruleset, Chrooted and Split DNS (v9 and v8), secured Sendmail (8.x), Linux PPTP, Serial consoles and Reverse TELNET, DHCPd, SSHd, UPSes, system performance tuning, the automated TrinityOS-Security implementation scripts, and much more.
ThePacketMaster Linux Security Server is a CD-based security auditing tool that boots and runs penetration testing and forensic analysis tools. It is handy for security auditors. Some tools included are nessus, ethereal, The Coroner's Toolkit, chntpw, and minicom. It includes modules for any Linux 2.4.20 SCSI driver.
conexus is a generalized C++ I/O library that includes network support for IPv4 and IPv6 sockets, serial/TTY communications, kernel message queues, pipes, and files. Objects use sigc++ for signaling property changes and other information. Sub-libraries include conexus-gtkmm (provides a set of gtkmm widgets), conexus-dbus (provides dbus support for endpoints), conexus-nspr (provides NSPR endpoints), conexus-nss (provides NSS endpoints), and conexus-ssl (provides OpenSSL endpoints).
DIET-PC (DIskless Embedded Technology Personal Computer) is a software kit enabling IT professionals to build embedded Linux appliances based on commodity PC or Mac hardware and various commercial embedded appliances. The focus is on platform portability, OS fundamentals and developer friendliness, rather than the end-user UI. The distribution is intended primarily for desktop graphical appliances, particularly thin clients (using the X11/XDMCP, ICA, RDP, and RFB graphics protocols). Although originally a network-booting OS, DIET-PC works well with various forms of solid-state persistent storage and hence is no longer strictly "diskless". The project uses QEMU virtual machines running Debian Linux (under Windows) as self-contained development environments, and hence may also be of interest for its unusual (non-x86) QEMU accomplishments.
rrs is a reverse (connecting) remote shell. Instead of listening, it will connect out to rrs in listen mode. The listener will accept the connection and receive a shell from the remote host. rrs features full pseudo-TTY support, full OpenSSL support (client/server authentication and choice of cipher suites), Twofish encryption, a simple XOR cipher, plain-text sessions, peer-side session snooping, a daemon option, and reconnection features. It is known to compile and run under Linux, FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD, and QNX.
Exscript is a scripting language for automating network connections over protocols such as Telnet or SSH. It is in some ways comparable to Expect, but has some unique features that make it a lot easier to use and understand for non-developers. It supports parallelization, logging, authentication mechanisms, and a lot more.
Thinux is a thin-client server on a live CD. It boots a network of diskless computers to automatically start an application such as a Web browser. Each thin client machine acts as a cluster node to share its processing and memory resources with each other to take the load off the server. It is a turnkey solution that does not change nor rely on your existing systems to run. By booting from a removable CD, it does not lock-in the user so it is convenient to test. It is ideal for any organizations that require large deployment of software automatically and cost effectively.