ABISS (Active Block I/O Scheduling System) is an extension for the Linux kernel that implements priorities for disk IO operations, and that provides a means for applications to use these priorities to obtain real-time (e.g. a guaranteed data rate) and prioritized best-effort services. The kernel code is supported by a user space daemon and a library.
Chiron FS is a FUSE based filesystem that implements replication at the filesystem level like RAID 1 does at the device level. The replicated filesystem may be of any kind you want; the only requisite is that you mount it. There is no need for special configuration files; the setup is as simple as one mount command (or one line in fstab).
Linux, in the tradition of UNIX-like operating systems, implements file system permissions using a rather coarse scheme. While this is sufficient for a surprisingly large set of applications, it is too inflexible for many other scenarios. For that reason, all the major commercial UNIX operating systems have extended this simple scheme in one way or the other. This is an effort to implement POSIX-like Access Control Lists for Linux. Access Control Lists are built on top of Extended Attributes, which can also be used to associate other pieces of information with files such as Filesystem Capabilities, or user data like mime type and search keywords.
F-Watch is a kernel module that reports changes on files to /dev/fwatch. It hooks into the sys_calls and does not require a kernel patch. To activate watching for certain events, users need to run ioctl to register the wanted events; examples are in the src dir. Ioctl can be used during runtime to individually change the required events.
Hot Copy creates an instant point-in-time snapshot of any block device while the system is running without interrupting applications or requiring the use of LVM. As block level changes are made to the real device, hot copy makes a backup copy of the changed block. The changed blocks are efficiently stored in unused space on your hard disk. These stored changed blocks maintain a point-in-time snapshot and space is only needed when you make changes to the real device. You can even write to your snapshots.
Kerrighed is a Single System Image operating system (SSI) for clusters. It offers the view of a unique SMP machine on top of a cluster of standard PCs. The goals are high performance of applications, high availability of the cluster, efficient resource management, high customizability of the operating system, and ease of use. It is implemented as an extension to Linux operating system (a set of Linux modules and a small patch to the kernel).
LUFS is a hybrid userspace filesystem framework supporting many "exotic" filesystems (localfs, sshfs, ftpfs, httpfs, socketfs, freenetfs, and nutellafs) transparently for any application. It can be regarded as doing the same job as the VFS (virtual filesystem switch) in the kernel: it is a switch, distributing the filesystem calls to its supported filesystems. However, LUFS filesystems are implemented in userspace. This would be a drawback for local filesystems where the access speed is important, but proves to be a huge advantage for networked filesystems where the userland flexibility is most important.