State is a suite of tools for monitoring a network of machines. You tell State how your network looks and should behave, and State warns you when things start to deviate from that rhythm. Many different aspects of a network can be monitored, from disk space and load average to machine connectivity and service availability.
apt-got is a customizable mirror engine. It works like a highly specialized proxy. It employs several pluggable modules that are customized for specific jobs. The first available module builds and supervises a partial (or full) Debian mirror which is populated on-the-fly by apt-get requests. There is also a simple mirror module that can be used to mirror source directories or even (static) Web pages. For increased performance on already-cached files, it employes its own Apache module. It supports customized mirroring algorithms.
mod_backhand is a load balancing module for Apache. It provides per-request HTTP redirection within a heterogeneous Apache server cluster. Each request is processed and run through a set of "candidacy functions" to determine which server is best suited to respond. The request is then proxied to that server. Facilities are in place to allow you to write your own dynamically loadable decision making algorithms. Everything about the request and the current availability of resources can be used in the decision-making process.