AA-lib is a low level gfx library just as many other libraries are. The main difference is that AA-lib does not require graphics device. In fact, there is no graphical output possible. AA-lib replaces those old-fashioned output methods with a powerful ASCII art renderer. The API is designed to be similar to other graphics libraries.
ADODB is a set of advanced PHP database abstraction classes. It supports MySQL, PostgreSQL, Interbase/Firebird, Informix, Sybase SQL Anywhere, Oracle, MS SQL 7 and 2000, SAP DB, Sybase, DB2, FrontBase, Foxpro, Access, Netezza, LDAP, ODBTP, ADO, and generic ODBC. A metatype system is built in, making it possible to figure out that types such as CHAR, TEXT, and STRING are equivalent in different databases. It also features portable database creation, database-backed session support (with encryption), SQL performance monitoring, and database health checks.
The Advanced Linux Sound Architecture is composed of several parts. The first is a fully modularized sound driver which supports module autoloading, devfs, isapnp autoconfiguration, and gives complete access to analog audio, digital audio, control, mixer, synthesizer, DSP, MIDI, and timer components of audio hardware. It also includes a fully-featured kernel-level sequencer, a full compatibility layer for OSS/Free applications, an object-oriented C library which covers and enhances the ALSA kernel driver functionality for applications (client/server, plugins, PCM sharing/multiplexing, PCM metering, etc.), an interactive configuration program for the driver, and some simple utilities for basic management.
Allegro is a multi-platform game library for C/C++ developers that provides many functions for graphics, sounds, player input (keyboard, mouse, and joystick), and timers. It also provides fixed and floating point mathematical functions, 3D functions, file management functions, compressed datafile, and a GUI.
The library can be used by developers to quickly add alternate passwd file support for virtual authentication, or by system administrators to trick programs into seeing a different password file, either at run time through the LD_PRELOAD variable, or at compile time with -laltpw during the linking process.
'App' is a preprocessor for C++ that accepts as input arbitrary C++ code that may contain embedded constructs for specifying algebraic data types and associated pattern matching operations, and produces as output the same code with all such constructs translated to normal C++. What app essentially does is provide for C++ pretty much the same capabilities that functional languages have regarding algebraic types. 'Applib' is the associated runtime library that supports the core run time requirements of the translated code, and which provides additional utilities (applib is covered by the LGPL).
Argyll is an ICC compatible color management system. It supports accurate ICC profile creation for scanners, CMYK printers, and film recorders, and calibration and profiling of displays. Spectral sample data is supported, allowing a selection of illuminants observer types, and paper fluorescent whitener additive compensation. Profiles can also incorporate source specific gamut mappings for perceptual and saturation intents. Gamut mapping and profile linking uses the CIECAM02 appearance model, a unique gamut mapping algorithm, and a wide selection of rendering intents. It also includes code for a fast 8-bit raster color conversion engine as well as support for fast, fully accurate 16-bit conversion. Device color gamuts can also be viewed and compared using a VRML viewer.