nyu is a combination of modern academic approaches to parsing formal grammars from PEGs and expression grammars that represents the new state of the art in parser generators. nyu grammars are written in a powerful language based on PEGs (parsing expression grammars) but with modifications to allow both the AST and the parser to be specified intuitively in a single grammar. nyu outputs parsers that take advantage of the chilon::parser meta-programming library for C++. The generated parsers are almost as concise and readable as the input grammars, yet perform as well as hand-written C code. nyu ASTs are built using tuples, variant types, and lists, and allow self referential parsers and AST nodes to be manipulated. Advanced features such as hashed containers and grammar inheritance are also possible and well tested. nyu is currently powerful enough to deal with complex grammars and bootstraps its own parser.
Rhope is a dynamically typed dataflow programming language that also borrows some ideas from other paradigms. Unlike mainstream programming languages, statements are not necessarily executed in the order they are written, but instead based on their dependencies. Statements that do not share dependencies run in parallel. Most operations have value semantics (i.e. modifying an object makes a copy rather than changing the original) making this parallelism safe. For managing global state, Rhope has a transaction mechanism.
Minnow is a concurrent programming language with a Ruby-like syntax. It compiles to an executable and uses a companion library to allow fully-rebalanced microthreads. Minnow gains a lot of strength from its actor model, which uses message passing, as opposed to threads and locking, as its concurrency model. Taking a cue from Erlang, actor creation and message passing is extremely lightweight (often on the order of a few nanoseconds). The language has a built-in foreign function interface that allows developers to leverage existing C-based libraries in a simple SWIG-like manner. Minnow's object model is based on "melding" features together to form objects.
X# (pronounced X-sharp) is an XML-oriented programming language designed to quickly create Web applications and services. Everything is represented as an XML tree, and instead of using functions to manipulate information or perform actions, all possible operations are done by adding, removing, or changing nodes from this tree. Since there are no functions to learn and everything is done intuitively, even inexperienced developers can create complex Web applications and services quickly.
KBasic is a programming language related to VB.NET, Visual Basic, Visual Basic for Applications, and Java. It combines the best features of those tools and comes with built-in backward-compatibility support for VB, VBA, and QBasic. It also comes with support for VB.NET syntax, functions, and similar objects and classes. It allows developers with an installed base of VB applications to start developing for a mixed-platform environment. KBasic comprises a compiler, an interpreter, and an integrated development environment.
Ivy is a compiler and runtime library for an extended dialect of C that checks type, memory, and concurrency safety. Ivy supports the full C language, and relies on a small number of lightweight annotations in the source code to keep time and space overheads reasonable. Ivy is implemented as a C-to-C compiler using gcc as its backend.