libosl, the object storage layer, is a library for storing small to medium-sized data in relational tables. It is easy to use, lightweight, fast, and portable. libosl is suitable for applications that need only a small fraction of the features a full database management system provides.
junixsocket is a Java/JNI library that allows the use of Unix Domain Sockets (AF_UNIX sockets) from Java. In contrast to other implementations, junixsocket extends the Java Sockets API (java.net.Socket, java.net.SocketAddress, etc.) and even supports RMI over AF_UNIX. It is also possible to use it in conjunction with Connector/J to connect to a local MySQL server via Unix domain sockets.
Syncless is an experimental, lightweight, non-blocking (asynchronous) client and server socket network communication library implemented in Stackless Python 2.6. It contains an asynchronous DNS resolver (using dnspython) and an HTTP server capable of serving WSGI applications. It aims to be a coroutine-based alternative of event-driven networking engines (such as Twisted and FriendFeed's Tornado). It is already about that fast, but it has fewer features and is less stable now.
The stx::CBTreeDB is a collection of C++ classes with which read-only key-value database files can be created and read. A database efficiently maps a large number of integral fixed-length keys to opaque binary value blobs. Variable-length or duplicate keys are currently not supported. Keys are organized into a highly compact index structure, which is very similar to a B-tree and allows very fast key lookups. Both keys and values are stored in order and thus queries in a local proximity can benefit from caching effects. All applications mapping a large number of constant, integral keys to string or data blobs can benefit from this library.
LibAPCNIS is a PHP library for accessing the NIS port of the Apcupsd UPS Monitoring daemon. It allows you to access realtime UPS stats from a PHP script without having Apcupsd installed. It does not require the apcaccess application included with an Apcupsd installation, and there are no external dependencies.