LibAPCNIS is a PHP library for accessing the NIS port of the Apcupsd UPS Monitoring daemon. It allows you to access realtime UPS stats from a PHP script without having Apcupsd installed. It does not require the apcaccess application included with an Apcupsd installation, and there are no external dependencies.
libosl, the object storage layer, is a library for storing small to medium-sized data in relational tables. It is easy to use, lightweight, fast, and portable. libosl is suitable for applications that need only a small fraction of the features a full database management system provides.
OnPosix is a tiny library to abstract POSIX mechanisms to C++ developers. Most features offered by this library can be found either inside the Boost library or in a library compliant with the C++11 standard. Unfortunately, however, for some embedded Linux devices, these libraries cannot represent viable solutions, due to the lack of memory space (for the Boost libraries) and the lack of a new C++ compiler (e.g., on Xilinx MicroBlaze). On these platforms, the OnPosix library represents a good and cheap solution to have object-oriented POSIX mechanisms. The library offers support for threads, mutual exclusion, sockets, logging, timing, etc.
Syncless is an experimental, lightweight, non-blocking (asynchronous) client and server socket network communication library implemented in Stackless Python 2.6. It contains an asynchronous DNS resolver (using dnspython) and an HTTP server capable of serving WSGI applications. It aims to be a coroutine-based alternative of event-driven networking engines (such as Twisted and FriendFeed's Tornado). It is already about that fast, but it has fewer features and is less stable now.
junixsocket is a Java/JNI library that allows the use of Unix Domain Sockets (AF_UNIX sockets) from Java. In contrast to other implementations, junixsocket extends the Java Sockets API (java.net.Socket, java.net.SocketAddress, etc.) and even supports RMI over AF_UNIX. It is also possible to use it in conjunction with Connector/J to connect to a local MySQL server via Unix domain sockets.