Qt is a comprehensive, object-oriented development framework that enables development of high-performance, cross-platform rich-client and server-side applications. When you implement a program with Qt, you can run it on the X Window System (Unix/X11), Apple Mac OS X, and Microsoft Windows NT/9x/2000/XP by simply compiling the source code for the platform you want. Qt is the basis for the KDE desktop environment, and is also used in numerous commercial applications such as Google Earth, Skype for Linux, and Adobe Photoshop Elements.
Wine is an implementation of the Windows API on top of X and Unix. It does not require Microsoft Windows, but can use native Windows DLLs if they are available. It provides both a development toolkit for porting Windows source code to Unix as well as a program loader, allowing many unmodified Windows programs to run on x86-based Unixes.
GTK, which stands for the Gimp ToolKit, is a library for creating graphical user interfaces. It is designed to be small and efficient, but still flexible enough to allow the programmer freedom in the interfaces created. GTK provides some unique features over standard widget libraries.
The Oracle (formerly Sun) Java Platform, Standard Edition (Java SE or JSE) allows you to develop and deploy Java applications on desktops and servers as well embedded and real-time environments. The Java Development Kit (JDK) contains the essential compiler, tools, runtime libraries, and APIs for developers writing, deploying, and running applets and applications in the Java programming language. The Java Runtime Environment (JRE) contains the runtime libraries and tools for running applets and applications.