CryptSharp provides a number of password crypt algorithms: BCrypt, MD5 (and Apache's htpasswd variant), PHPass (WordPress, phpBB, Drupal), SHA256, SHA512, and Traditional and Extended DES. It also includes Blowfish, SCrypt, and PBKDF2 for any HMAC (.NET's built-in PBKDF2 implementation supports only SHA-1). If you are looking to store passwords, odds are CryptSharp will have the algorithm you want.
Industria is a collection of portable R6RS Scheme libraries for cryptography (AES, DES, Blowfish, HMAC, MD5, SHA-1, SHA-2, RSA, DSA, etc.), zip/gzip/zlib decompression, disassembly of amd64 machine code, Off-The-Record messaging, bytevector pack/unpack syntax, TLS connections via custom binary ports, and more.
libpwstor is a library implementing a password storage format for C programmers. This format provides a reasonable level of security by utilizing SHA-256 in addition to a random salt to mitigate dictionary and rainbow table attacks. In addition to the core functionality, libpwstor also offers some additional functions such as Base64 encoding and decoding. All functionality is implemented and designed in such a way as to be easy to use for C programmers of varying skill levels, while preserving reasonable security in the underlying storage format.
SILC Crypto Toolkit (SCT) is a high performance multipurpose cryptographic toolkit for application programmers. It provides ciphers, hash functions, public key cryptosystems, MAC algorithms, multi-precision integers, cryptographic accelerators, an ASN.1 encoder and decoder, and many other features.