GCompris is an educational software suite with numerous activities for children aged 2 to 10. Some of the activities are game-orientated, but nonetheless still educational. These include computer discovery (keyboard, mouse, different mouse gestures), algebra (table memory, enumeration, double entry table, mirror image), science (the canal lock, the water cycle, the submarine, electric simulation), geography (place the country on the map), games (chess, memory, connect 4, oware, sudoku), reading practice, and others (learn to tell time, puzzles of famous paintings, vector drawing, cartoon making, etc.). It currently offers in excess of 100 activities, and more are being developed.
Tux Paint is a simple and entertaining drawing program geared towards young children. It has a simple interface, sound effects, and a cartoon character (Tux, the Linux penguin). Along with drawing brush strokes, lines and shapes, you can also enter text and place "rubber stamp" (or "sticker") images on the picture. Tux Paint is extensible, and could be useful in an educational environment (such as a grammar, elementary, or grade school). It's portable across numerous platforms, and runs well even on slower systems like the Pentium 133MHz.
Asymptopia Crossword Builder (Math/Text) is an application that runs in any modern Web browser, but does not require an Internet connection (if it is installed locally). The application was designed to allow teachers to quickly produce well-designed, challenging activities. The application features a configuration panel where the user can either enter their own word-hint pairs, or generate math-crossword problems via a single button. The math functionality generates word:hint pairs like: "four:7/x-3/8=11/8", where the hint corresponds to the problem, and the student would write the letters "four" in the corresponding boxes of the puzzle.
ZDoom is an enhanced port of the official DOOM source. It features support for all Hexen editing features (including ACS, hubs, etc.), support for most BOOM editing features, freelook, jumping, and translucency support, a Quake-style console, high screen resolutions, removal of the original DOOM's limits, support for many more music formats (including MOD, IT, XM, S3M, MIDI, MP3, and MUS), better mouse support, UDP networking, and more.
LinuxConsole is a live and modular Linux distribution that can be started from CD/DVD, hard disk, floppy disk, USB disk, or network card (PXE). The use of "console" in the title doesn't mean that it is started in "console" mode, but is meant to symbolize the simplicity of using it. This distribution is as simple to use as a game console: you can start applications without installing them. It is modular: there is a common base (device detection, GUI) and optional modules for multimedia, communication, and servers. The goal is having a very fast startup (less than 20 seconds), very good hardware detection, and many applications available (not just games).
KBioritmi is a biorhythm generator for KDE. It includes a Kicker applet that shows biorhythm graphs for seven days before and after the current date, a standalone application that can show the biorhythm of a selected date and export it in CSV format, and a Coupler, which can be used to couple your biorhythms with those of another person such as your partner.
X-Plane is a flight simulator that reads in the geometric shape of any aircraft and then figures out how that aircraft will fly. It does this via an engineering process called "blade element theory", which involves breaking the aircraft down into many small elements and then finding the forces on each little element many times per second. These forces are then converted into accelerations, which are then integrated to velocities and positions. This gives X-Plane the most realistic flight model available for personal computers.
Tiled is a general purpose tile map editor. It's built to be easy to use, yet it is capable of catering to a host of varying game engines, whether your game is an RPG, platformer, or Breakout clone. Tiled supports plugins to read and write map formats other than its own map format.