encapsulate provides its client process the same environment it's started in, except for some limitations: encapsulate remounts the whole filesystem read-only, except for user-selectable regions which are mounted read-write. It also isolates the process from the system's process table, network interface, IPC, and shared memory tables.
s6-portable-utils is a set of tiny general Unix utilities, often performing well-known tasks such as cut and grep, but optimized for simplicity and small size. They were designed for embedded systems and other constrained environments, but work everywhere. Other sets of small utilities are usually system-specific; for instance, the (otherwise excellent) BusyBox project only works on Linux.
mDNS Responder with Unicast runs on a server anywhere in a network and responds to mDNS queries across the network by performing a unicast DNS lookup and returning the result. Many networks use a .local top-level domain for their intranet. This has proven to be quite problematic as operating systems such as OS X have begun handling .local domains differently (in particular, prioritizing multicast DNS over conventional unicast DNS). Ideally, you'd have no problems moving away from a .local domain name, or simply not using one in the first place. That's not always possible, though. So with this tool, a lookup for "host.local" will be resolved via your existing unicast DNS servers, even if "host" does not have its own mDNS responder. Of course, the tool isn't limited to just .local domains, and can realistically work on any network where mDNS is in use.
The TI-BASIC Compiler allows you to write TI-BASIC programs for the Texas Instruments TI-83 and TI-84+ calculators using your computer instead of the calculator's keyboard. This allows you to spend more time writing code than navigating menus or trying to scroll around the tiny screen on the calculator.
getxbook is a collection of tools to download books from websites. There are tools to download from Google Books' "book preview", Amazon's "look inside the book", and Barnes and Noble's "book viewer". There is an optional GUI written in Tcl/Tk, and some shell scripts using OCR to create plain text or searchable PDFs and DjVu files from the downloaded books.
Lhasa is a Free Software replacement for the Unix LHA tool, for decompressing .lzh (LHA/LHarc) and .lzs (LArc) archives. The backend for the tool is a library, so it can be reused for other purposes. Lhasa aims to be compatible with as many types of lzh/lzs archives as possible. It also aims to generate the same output as the (non-free) Unix LHA tool, so it will act as a drop-in free replacement.
xmlsd is a library that wraps expat in order to simplify XML use in C programs as well as adding rigid rules to an XML structure. The idea is to have XML structures that can be passed over the network with implicit parameter verification. This in turn enables back and forth chattering between applications.