Python is an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programming language. It combines remarkable power with very clear syntax, and isn't difficult to learn. It has modules, classes, exceptions, very high level data types, and dynamic typing. There are interfaces to many system calls and libraries, as well as to various windowing systems (Tk, Mac, MFC, GTK+, Qt, wxWindows). New built-in modules are easily written in C or C++. Python is also usable as an extension language for applications that need a programmable interface.
Q is a powerful and extensible functional programming language based on the term rewriting calculus. When programming with Q, you specify a system of equations which the interpreter uses as rewrite rules to reduce expressions to normal form. Q is useful for scientific programming and other advanced applications, and also as a sophisticated kind of desktop calculator. The distribution includes the Q programming tools, a standard library, add-on modules for interfacing to various third-party libraries, and an Emacs mode.
Qscheme is a fast and small implementation of Scheme written in C. QScheme is easy to interface and should be easy to use as an extension language. QScheme currently supports foreign function call and dynamic library. A Perl-like regular expression module is provided as example. QScheme is really fast: benchmarks shows that it is generaly between 2 and 70 times faster than other scheme interpreters. It also features GTK+ bindings, libglade bindings, and native multithread support.
R is a language and environment for statistical computing and graphics. It is similar to S, which was developed at Bell Laboratories by John Chambers et al. It provides a wide variety of statistical and graphical techniques (linear and nonlinear modelling, statistical tests, time series analysis, classification, clustering, etc.). R is designed as a true computer language with control-flow constructions for iteration and alternation, and it allows users to add additional functionality by defining new functions. For computationally intensive tasks, Fortran and C code can be linked and called at run time.
RADpage is a rapid application development system for dynamic, data-driven Web applications. It directly operates inside the browser without requiring a client-dependent development environment. RADpage comes as an Apache module or a CGI, includes a powerful HTML/XML like object-oriented programming language called heitml (pronounced "Hi-TML"), and more than 150 Web application components. Development is done on a fully functional application instead of requiring the edit-save-browse cycle associated with conventional client-side development environments. The RADpage editor stores application pages in readable well-formed XML or upon request in HTML for editing with HTML editors.
ROOT is an OO framework for large-scale scientific data analysis and data mining. It contains an efficient hierarchical OO database, a C++ interpreter, advanced statistical analysis, visualization, introspection, documentation, networking, and GUI classes. The command/scripting language is C++, and large scripts can be compiled and dynamically linked in. Using the PROOF (Parallel ROOT Facility) extension, large databases can be analyzed in parallel. The system runs on all known POSIX platforms, Windows, and MacOS X.
RPilot is an interpreter for the IEEE-standard programming language PILOT written in portable C. PILOT is a language that was designed in the 1960's to support computer-aided instruction and is very simple to learn. RPilot comes with an introduction to the language and several examples.
Ruby is a language for quick and easy programming. Similar in scope to Perl and Python, it has high-level data types, automatic memory management, dynamic typing, a module system, exceptions, and a rich standard library. What sets Ruby apart is a clean and consistent language design where everything is an object. Other distinguishing features are CLU-style iterators for loop abstraction, singleton classes/methods and lexical closures.