"Ball", the Byzantine Askemos Language Layer, is an intrusion resistant and incorruptible, autonomous distributed operating system. It provides application programmers with continuations, messages, and rights management on top of a peer-to-peer network resisting byzantine failures of network nodes. The API significantly raises the level of abstraction in comparison with other operating systems: there are very few system calls, and these are expressed in XML. An alternative understanding of Askemos is that of an XML object database with stored procedures.
eXist is a native XML database featuring efficient, index-based XQuery processing. It provides a complete ecosystem for building applications entirely based on XML, XQuery, and related standards. The high-performance XML database engine stores textual or binary data and documents without requiring a database schema. Using XML across all layers makes mapping technologies superfluous and increases productivity. A browser-based IDE and a standardized application packaging system help developers get started quickly.
RADpage is a rapid application development system for dynamic, data-driven Web applications. It directly operates inside the browser without requiring a client-dependent development environment. RADpage comes as an Apache module or a CGI, includes a powerful HTML/XML like object-oriented programming language called heitml (pronounced "Hi-TML"), and more than 150 Web application components. Development is done on a fully functional application instead of requiring the edit-save-browse cycle associated with conventional client-side development environments. The RADpage editor stores application pages in readable well-formed XML or upon request in HTML for editing with HTML editors.
Redland is a set of C libraries providing a high-level API for the Resource Description Framework (RDF), allowing it to be stored, parsed, serialized, queried, and manipulated. It has an object-based, modular design and comes with detailed reference documentation and examples. Redland supports all RDF vocabularies such as FOAF, RSS 1.0, Dublin Core, DOAP, and OWL, the query languages SPARQL and RDQL, and all RDF syntaxes including Turtle, RDF/XML, RDF/JSON, RSS, Atom, RDFa, and GRDDL.
Sablotron is an XML toolkit which implements XSLT, DOM, and XPath. Sablotron is written in C++, and it can be used from C, Perl, Python, PHP, ObjectPascal, and via a command line interface. It supports the XSLT 1.0, XPath 1.0, and DOM Level 2 W3C specifications. It is designed to be as compact and portable as possible, and is maintained as an Open Source project by Ginger Alliance.
The Kawa Scheme System is a full Scheme implementation, completely written in Java. Scheme functions and files are automatically compiled into Java byte-codes. Kawa does some optimizations, and the compiled code runs at a reasonable speed. It provides the usual read-eval-print loop, as well as batch modes. The Kawa compilation framework is also useful for implementing other languages on top of JVM. There is active development of XQuery (the XML query language), and less active development of Emacs Lisp, Common Lisp, and EcmaScript.