libunibreak is an implementation of the line breaking and word breaking algorithms as described in Unicode Standard Annex 14 and Unicode Standard Annex 29. It is a superset of, and supersedes, liblinebreak. It is designed to be used in a generic text renderer. FBReader is one real-world example.
uni2ascii and ascii2uni provide conversion in both directions between UTF-8 Unicode and more than thirty 7-bit ASCII equivalents, including RFC 2396 URI format and RFC 2045 Quoted Printable format, the representations used in HTML, SGML, XML, OOXML, the Unicode standard, Rich Text Format, POSIX portable charmaps, POSIX locale specifications, and Apache log files. It can also convert between the escapes used for Unicode in languages such as Ada, C, Common Lisp, Java, Pascal, Perl, Postscript, Python, Scheme, and Tcl.
OmegaT is a translation memory application intended for professional translators. It does not translate for you (software that does this is called "machine translation"). It features fuzzy matching, match propagation, simultaneous processing of multiple-file projects, simultaneous use of multiple translation memories, and external glossaries. Document file formats include plain text, HTML, and OpenOffice.org/StarOffice. It has Unicode (UTF-8) support (can be used with non-Latin alphabets). It is compatible with other translation memory applications (TMX Level 1).
The libmba package is a collection of mostly independent C modules potentially useful to any project. There are the usual ADTs including a linkedlist, hashmap, pool, stack, and varray, a flexible memory allocator, CSV parser, path canonicalization routine, I18N text abstraction, configuration file module, portable semaphores, condition variables, and more. The code is designed so that individual modules can be integrated into existing codebases rather than requiring the user to commit to the entire library. The code has no typedefs, few comments, and extensive man pages and HTML documentation.