Xapian is a search engine library, scalable to collections containing hundreds of millions of documents. It's written in C++ with bindings for Perl, Python, PHP, Java, Tcl, C#, Ruby, and Lua. It is a highly adaptable toolkit that allows developers to easily add advanced indexing and search facilities to their own applications. It supports the Probabilistic Information Retrieval model and also a rich set of boolean query operators. Omega is a Web search application built upon the Xapian library. It can index a Web server's document tree (including HTML, PDF, OpenOffice, MS Word/Excel/Powerpoint/Works, WordPerfect, RTF, PS, etc.), or data exported from arbitrary sources (e.g. SQL databases).
Sputnik is a content management system (CMS) designed for extensibility. It works as a wiki out of the box, but can be extended into other things. It offers editable nodes, history and diff, user accounts with optional email validation, a flexible permission system, RSS feeds, and more. Sputnik supports access control and has editable templates. It can be used to maintain a personal Web site that doesn't look like a wiki and that only you can edit. Sputnik is easy to install on shared hosting without root accounts.