txOpenID is an implementation of the OpenID Identity Provider specification, written using Twisted Web and Divmod's Nevow. It reads authentication data and user Web sessions out of a MySQL database using MySQLdb and Twisted Enterprise's adbapi layer. txOpenID currently supports version 1.1 of the OpenID specification.
Twisted is an event-based framework for Internet applications. It includes a Web server, an SMTP/POP3 server, a telnet server, an SSH server, an IRC server, a DNS server, a generic client/server pair for remote object access (Perspective Broker), and APIs for creating new protocols. It supports integration with GTK+, GTK+ 2, Qt, Tkinter, wxPython, Mac OS X (PyObjC) and Win32 event loops. It also supports TCP, SSL and TLS, UDP, Unix sockets, multicast, and serial ports. Supported protocols include HTTP, FTP, SMTP, POP3, IMAP, TOC, OSCAR (AIM and ICQ), SSH, DNS, IRC, NNTP, Jabber, SOCKSv4, Telnet, SIP (for VoIP), and XML-RPC and SOAP using external packages. Most protocols are supported as both servers and clients.
muhttpd (mu HTTP deamon) is a simple but complete Web server written in portable ANSI C. It supports static pages, CGI scripts, and MIME type based handlers. It drops privileges before accepting any connections, and can log received requests. It has been tested on OpenBSD, GNU/Linux, NetBSD, FreeBSD, Mac OS X, and Cygwin. It runs successfully on 32-bits, 64-bit, little endian, and big endian systems.
Synoptic is "GMail for your notes", meant to keep and categorize a large number of smallish notes and tidbits of information. Tagged overviews that retain order make it easy to maintain a good overview of your things. Adaptive tag clouds plus integration with browser bookmarks and forward/back navigation allow for easy navigation. Written in pure Python, it runs as a local Web server.
Jigsaw is W3C's leading-edge Web server platform, providing a sample HTTP 1.1 implementation based on RFC2616 and a variety of other features on top of an advanced architecture implemented in Java. Jigsaw provides both client and server HTTP/1.1 implementations, is fast, easy to extend, flexible, and is also packaged as a ready-to-run HTTP/1.1 proxy-cache.