Unicorn is a Unix and LAN/localhost-optimized fork of the Mongrel HTTP server. It takes full advantage of functionality exclusive to Unix-like operating systems. It will reap and restart workers that die from broken apps, and there is no need to manage multiple processes yourself. Load balancing is done entirely by the operating system kernel. Requests never pile up behind a busy worker. The server does not care if your application is thread-safe or not, as workers all run within their own isolated address space and only serve one client at a time. All Rack applications are supported along with pre-Rack versions of Ruby on Rails via a Rack wrapper. It also supports atomic log cycling, nginx-style binary re-execution without losing connections, before_fork and after_fork hooks, and optional copy-on-write-friendly memory management.
Alaya is a primitive chrooting Web server with basic WebDAV support. It can serve HTTPS and HTTP, and can authenticate using PAM, /etc/shadow, /etc/passwd, or using its own authentication files that allow for 'native' users that only have access to alaya content. It's intended to be a simple method of sharing content over WebDAV, and though it can be configured with a config file, it's easy to configure by command-line switches alone. Alaya always chroots to ensure that malicious users can't use '..' within a URL to access unintended documents, and that users can't accidentally leave documents in places outside of the chroot. It has a 'ChHome' mode that chroots users into their home directory and serves content from there. It supports .cgi scripts out of a trusted path (so not from within the chrooted WebDAV share) and read-only shared directories that are outside of the chroot (allowing access to shared content when in ChHome mode).
Rainbows! is an HTTP server for sleepy Rack applications. It is based on Unicorn, but designed to handle applications that expect long request/response times and/or slow clients. For Rack applications not heavily bound by slow external network dependencies, consider Unicorn instead as it simpler and easier to debug.
BitNami LAMPStack Native Installer is an easy-to-install environment to develop and deploy PHP applications. It includes pre-configured, ready-to-run versions of Apache, MySQL, PHP, and phpMyAdmin. Amazon AWS PHP SDK makes it easier to develop PHP applications that run on Amazon Web Services. The AWS PHP SDK includes the AWS PHP library, code samples, and documentation.
Ashd is an HTTP server that follows standard Unix philosophy for modularity. Instead of being a monolithic program with loadable modules, as most other HTTP servers seem to be, Ashd is simply a collection of much simpler programs, passing HTTP requests to each other using a simple protocol. The model also allows such handler programs to persist properly, so that, for example, session data can be kept in memory, connections to back-end services can be kept open, and so on.
iPfaces is a framework for simple creation of native, form-oriented network applications for mobile devices. The aim of the solution is to screen the programmer completely out from the mobile platform itself, and transfer the entire application logic to the central application server level. Developers with experience with one of the supported Web technologies (ASP.Net, Java, and PHP) may start working with iPFaces virtually immediately.