Erasm++, the Embedded Runtime Assembler in C++, is an Embedded Domain Specific Language (EDSL) in C++ for runtime code generation on Intel 64/IA-32 architectures. It supports complete compile-time syntax checking, and its code generators run very quickly because necessary data are computed statically. Also included are GenericDsm, a fast and generic instruction decoder library which supports "pattern matching" against the decoded instructions, and MetaPrelude, a Haskell-like lazy metaprogramming library that helps implementing EDSLs in C++.
This program is especially useful when the main difference between the two LaTeX files is in permutation of sections, moved equations, etc. Given 2 LaTeX files, it prepares 2 annotated LaTeX files showing which equations of the 1st file are identical, or close, or similar, to which equations of the 2nd file. It does the same with the pieces of text. It also saves the snippets of text and equations from each text into separate files in 2 new folders, allowing the user to see the difference using a diff program.
log2rotate is designed for rotating backups with an optimal balance between retention and space usage. Instead of rotating backups using some fixed period such as daily, weekly, monthly, or yearly, it rotates backups using exponentially-growing periods. The exponential periods are based on the base 2 logarithm or squaring, depending on how you look at it.
datapacker is a tool to group files by size such that they fill fixed-size containers (called "bins") using the minimum number of containers. This is useful, for instance, if you want to archive a number of files to CD or DVD, and want to organize them such that you use the minimum possible number of CDs or DVDs. In many cases, datapacker executes almost instantaneously. Of particular note, the hardlink action can be used to effectively copy data into bins without having to actually copy the data at all. datapacker is a tool in the traditional Unix style; it can be used in pipes and call other tools.
xtee (cross-tee/expanded tee) is a program for building complex pipelines. It resembles the tee command, except that instead of copying stdin to stdout, it copies an input file to stdout and stdin to an output file. You can use xtee for building things like a bidirectional HTTP filter (using netcat and sed).