MemMXtest is a computer program for "IBM-compatible" PCs that checks the computer's main memory for faults and defects. (Note however, that no program can be guaranteed to detect all faults, due to their very nature.) This program is aimed specifically at testing SDRAM memory modules (`DIMMs'), and uses MMX instructions to read/write all 64 databits provided by these modules at once. MemMXtest incorporates many well-known `march' tests, as well as several pseudo-random tests. The vital parts of each test use manually optimized machine code for maximal speed. The program is "stand-alone" (i.e. doesn't require an OS to run), and compiles on Linux.
Powertweak-Linux is a tool to tune your system to its optimal performance settings. It started life as the replacement for the now obsolete kernel option 'tune PCI bridges', and has been extended to provide more features and support more chipsets. It can also tune network/filesystem performance using /proc/sys entries, disk elevator settings, and x86 CPU registers (needs 2.2.18 or 2.4.0test kernel), CDROM speeds, hdparm type features, and Sony VAIO backlight. It has both a GTK GUI and a text-based lister.
toshiba_hci works by using the Intel SMM interface and using it to send appropriate values to the Toshiba HCI. This tool re- implements several of the functions of the 'Toshiba laptops extras' and ACPI Linux kernel patches, as well as adding extra functionality, but all in a user-space program that does not require any kernel patching. It can do things like alter the LCD brightness, turn the system fan on and off, and more.
cpuburn is is a set of programs that load x86 CPUs as heavily as possible for the purposes of system testing. FPU and ALU instructions are coded in an endless loop in an attempt to maximize heat production from the CPU, putting stress on the CPU itself, the cooling system, the motherboard (especially voltage regulators), and power supply. The tests may damage undercooled, overclocked, or otherwise weak systems and cause data loss or permanent damage to electronic components.
Agnix is a small, educational operating system kernel for i386, supporting 32-bit protected memory mode, paging, hardware switched tasks, memory tests, PCI bus, devices, PCI IRQ routing, RT timers, network protocols. It is available with all the source code and is fully compatible with the Linux kernel API.