amforth is an extendible command interpreter for the Atmel AVR ATmega microcontroller family. It has a turnkey feature for embedded use as well. It does not depend on a host application. The command language is an almost compatible ANS94 forth with extensions. It needs less than 8KB code memory for the base system. It is written in assembly language and forth itself.
Finnix is a small, self-contained, bootable Linux CD distribution ("LiveCD") for system administrators, based on Debian testing. You can use it to mount and manipulate hard drives and partitions, monitor networks, rebuild boot records, install other operating systems, and much more.
Nightwing allows the creation of quickly deployed wireless networks without the need to make complicated configurations. With the implementation of a Mesh technology called B.A.T.M.A.N, Nightwing allows the extension of wireless networks with a simple way of adding devices that works with minimal human intervention. It has public and private connection interfaces, and the ability to filter content using OpenDNS. It is designed with security in mind, and has low hardware requirements.
Dconf is a tool to collect a system's hardware and software configuration. It allows you to take your system configuration with you and compare systems (like nodes in a cluster) to troubleshoot hardware or software problems. It can also be configured to send out configuration changes at given intervals to a group of people, or store a new snapshot when system changes happen.
NASLite is a Network Attached Storage (NAS) server operating system designed to transform a basic computer into a dedicated file server. Utilizing highly optimized versions of Samba, uCLibc, BusyBox, and various other Linux tools, it provides SMB/CIFS, FTP, or NFS filesystem support. It accommodates multiple client OSes: Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux. NASLite offers SMART disk monitoring and large file support, and is incredibly easy to install and administer.
DirectFB is a thin library that provides developers with hardware graphics acceleration, input device handling and abstraction, an integrated windowing system with support for translucent windows and multiple display layers on top of the Linux framebuffer device. It is a complete hardware abstraction layer with software fallbacks for every graphics operation that is not supported by the underlying hardware.
iloog is a Gentoo-based live CD targeted mainly at students and scientists. It features UnionFS filesystem support that enables you to write everywhere on the LiveCD and install extra packages, a graphical X environment through the Fluxbox window manager, many programming editors and IDEs, and a plethora of scientific applications, including Octave, Namd, Merlin, and full (La)TeX support.
HeavenOS is an original, alternative 32-bit operating system for Intel 80386 compatible processors. It is made with NASM (The Netwide Assembler), and is not intended to compare to modern operating systems, but to try to get the best features and discover better ways to do things. It is intended to be a simple and pratical platform for development, running with a small amount of code.
Agnix is a small, educational operating system kernel for i386, supporting 32-bit protected memory mode, paging, hardware switched tasks, memory tests, PCI bus, devices, PCI IRQ routing, RT timers, network protocols. It is available with all the source code and is fully compatible with the Linux kernel API.