amforth is an extendible command interpreter for the Atmel AVR ATmega microcontroller family. It has a turnkey feature for embedded use as well. It does not depend on a host application. The command language is an almost compatible ANS94 forth with extensions. It needs less than 8KB code memory for the base system. It is written in assembly language and forth itself.
cpuinfo consists of an API/library used by programs to get information about the underlying CPU. Such information includes CPU vendor, model name, cache hierarchy, and supported features (e.g. CMP, SMT, and SIMD). cpuinfo is also a standalone program to demonstrate the use of this API.
Push Puppet Toy is a computer-controlled puppet that stands to attention when a friend joins an IRC channel or comes online on IM, and collapses when he leaves. The concept is very similar to the Availabot (http://availabot.com/), but works under Linux. Schematics, firmware for the puppet, and plugins for Gaim and XChat to control the puppet are provided.
mubench is an in-depth, low-level benchmark for x86 processors. Its primary goal is to provide useful information for people who optimize assembly code and write compilers. It measures latency and throughput for each individual instruction (sometimes several forms of the same instruction), as well as the throughput of arbitrary instruction mixes. The results produced by mubench are typically an order of magnitude more detailed than those found in AMD or Intel manuals.
HeavenOS is an original, alternative 32-bit operating system for Intel 80386 compatible processors. It is made with NASM (The Netwide Assembler), and is not intended to compare to modern operating systems, but to try to get the best features and discover better ways to do things. It is intended to be a simple and pratical platform for development, running with a small amount of code.
MemMXtest is a computer program for "IBM-compatible" PCs that checks the computer's main memory for faults and defects. (Note however, that no program can be guaranteed to detect all faults, due to their very nature.) This program is aimed specifically at testing SDRAM memory modules (`DIMMs'), and uses MMX instructions to read/write all 64 databits provided by these modules at once. MemMXtest incorporates many well-known `march' tests, as well as several pseudo-random tests. The vital parts of each test use manually optimized machine code for maximal speed. The program is "stand-alone" (i.e. doesn't require an OS to run), and compiles on Linux.
Agnix is a small, educational operating system kernel for i386, supporting 32-bit protected memory mode, paging, hardware switched tasks, memory tests, PCI bus, devices, PCI IRQ routing, RT timers, network protocols. It is available with all the source code and is fully compatible with the Linux kernel API.