audiopreview is a command-line tool that plays previews of many audio file types (Ogg, MP3, etc.), video file types (AVI, MPEG, Real, etc.), and Internet streams. It can also be used as a regular command-line media file player (i.e. play the files entirely like yauap or mpc123 would).
Epris is a D-Bus service and command line client to listen to music. Unlike xmms2 or mpd, it uses GStreamer and D-Bus. It supports all formats supported by GStreamer, and can play both video and audio. It supports gap-less playback thanks to playbin2. It has an extensible command line interface, a small memory footprint, automatic deactivation, and an easy D-Bus interface for other UIs.
Orc is a library and set of tools for compiling and executing very simple programs that operate on arrays of data. The "language" is a generic assembly language that represents many of the features available in SIMD architectures, including saturated addition and subtraction, and many arithmetic operations.