Ghostscript is a processor for PostScript and PDF files. It can rasterize these files to a wide variety of printers, devices for screen preview, and image file formats. Since applications tend to prepare pages for printing in a high-level format such as PostScript, most Unix users with low-level bitmap printers, such as inkjets, use GhostScript as part of the printing process. In addition, Ghostscript is capable of converting PostScript files, functionality comparable to Adobe Acrobat Distiller, but on the command line. In addition, Ghostscript is used for file import and viewing by a great many other applications, including xv, ImageMagick, gimp, and xdvi. Several GUI wrappers for viewing PostScript and PDF files exist, including GSview, ghostview, gv, ggv, and kghostview. This is far from a comprehensive list.
Allegro is a multi-platform game library for C/C++ developers that provides many functions for graphics, sounds, player input (keyboard, mouse, and joystick), and timers. It also provides fixed and floating point mathematical functions, 3D functions, file management functions, compressed datafile, and a GUI.
KVEC is a command line tool that allows you to convert raster graphics to vector graphics. KVEC is designed for 32 bit operating systems and runs on Win32, OS/2, HP-UX, NEXTSTEP, Linux, IRIX, AIX 4.x, Macintosh and BeOS. Docs are available in English and German. The shareware version is available for 30 day trial.
AA-lib is a low level gfx library just as many other libraries are. The main difference is that AA-lib does not require graphics device. In fact, there is no graphical output possible. AA-lib replaces those old-fashioned output methods with a powerful ASCII art renderer. The API is designed to be similar to other graphics libraries.