BRL-CAD is a powerful constructive solid geometry solid modeling system that includes an interactive geometry editor, ray-tracing support for rendering and geometric analysis, path-tracing for realistic image synthesis, network distributed framebuffer support, and image and signal-processing tools.
sam2p is a Unix commandline utility that converts many raster (bitmap) image formats into Adobe PostScript or PDF files. The images are not vectorized. It gives full control to the user to specify standards-compliance, compression, and bit depths. It is common that sam2p can compress an image down to an 50kB Level1 PostScript file without quality loss, while other popular converters produce multi-megabyte output. It provides some Level3 compression filters even on Level1 devices.
GraphicsMagick is a robust collection of tools and libraries which support reading, writing, and manipulating an image in over 90 major formats including popular formats like DPX, DICOM, BMP, GIF, JPEG, JPEG-2000, PDF, PNG, PNM, SVG, and TIFF. A high-quality 2D renderer is included, which provides a subset of SVG capabilities. C, C++, Perl, Tcl, and Ruby are supported. Originally based on ImageMagick, GraphicsMagick focuses on performance, minimizing bugs, and providing stable APIs and ABIs. It runs on all modern variants of Unix, Windows, and Mac OS X.