The Tinyserial library is a space-saving alternative to the Arduino software distribution's libraries for reading and writing characters and strings to the USART0 serial port on the Atmel ATmega168 and ATmega328p MCUs found on Arduino Diecimilla and Duemilanove boards. While the Arduino software distribution's libraries provide interrupt-driven serial I/O with far more features and support more MCUs, the Tinyserial library provides only the most basic polling-based serial I/O. However, the Tinyserial library uses far less Flash and SRAM, thereby giving you room to implement larger and more complicated applications on your boards. The Tinyserial library respects the GNU libc ABI, so you can call into it from C and C++ programs.
PHPContracts is a design by contract framework for the PHP programming language. It can be used in an object-oriented manner or with simple functions. Design by contract is a style of programming where classes and methods have a "contract" specified for them. If the contract is violated, then there is a defect/bug in the program.