GNU Mach is the microkernel upon which a GNU Hurd system is based. It provides an Inter Process Communication (IPC) mechanism which the Hurd uses to define interfaces for implementing in a distributed multi-server fashion the services a traditional operating system kernel provides. Mach is particularly well-suited for SMP and network cluster techniques. Thread support is provided at the kernel level, and the kernel itself takes advantage of that. Network transparency at the IPC level makes resources of the system available across machine boundaries.
MeeGo is a Linux-based mobile and embedded operating system. It brings together the Moblin project, headed up by Intel, and Maemo, by Nokia, into a single open source activity. MeeGo currently targets platforms such as netbooks and entry-level desktops, handheld computing and communications devices, in-vehicle infotainment devices, connected TVs, and media phones. All of these platforms have common user requirements in communications, application, and Internet services in a portable or small form factor. The MeeGo project will continue to expand platform support as new features are incorporated and new form factors emerge in the market.
GNU Recutils is a set of tools and libraries to access human-editable text-based databases called recfiles. A recfile contains data structured as a sequence of records. The rec format supports data integrity with the usage of record descriptors (keys, mandatory fields, field types, etc.) as well as the ability of record fields to refer to other records. Despite its simplicity, recfiles can be used to store medium-sized databases. The GNU recutils suite comprises a texinfo manual describing the Rec format, a C library (librec) providing a rich set of functions to access rec files, a set of C utilities that can be used in shell scripts and in the command line to operate on rec files, and an Emacs mode (rec-mode).
The HOTP Toolkit package contains tools that are useful when deploying the one-time password HOTP technology. It contains a shared library, a command-line tool to generate and validate one-time passwords, and a PAM module (pam_hotp) to make system login or SSH use HOTP one-time passwords for authentication.
libposix is an impementation of the core functionality of all Unix systems. It is a full, cross-platform implementation of the POSIX 2008 standard. It is meant to replace existing implementations of a Unix system's core libraries. It is an exact implementation of POSIX 2008 and nothing else (no extensions, no previous POSIX versions). However, it works well with possible extensions to the core system functionallity (for example, GNU or BSD).
GNU Mailutils is a rich and powerful protocol-independent mail framework. It contains a series of useful mail libraries, clients, and servers. These are the primary mail utilities for the GNU system. The central library is capable of handling electronic mail in various mailbox formats and protocols, both local and remote. Specifically, this project contains a POP3 server, an IMAP4 server, and a Sieve mail filter. It also provides a POSIX "mailx" client and a collection of other handy tools.
GNU Anubis is an SMTP message submission daemon. It represents an intermediate layer between the mail user agent (MUA) and mail transport agent (MTA), receiving messages from the MUA, applying to them a set of predefined changes, and finally inserting modified messages into an MTA routing network. The set of changes applied to a message is configurable on a system-wide and per-user basis. The built-in configuration language used for defining sets of changes allows for considerable flexibility and is easily extensible.
GNU Radius is a RADIUS server and an accompanying set of monitoring utilities. It features MySQL and PostgreSQL interfaces for authentication and/or logging (the ODBC interface allows you to use almost any existing DBMS for that purpose), the ability to rewrite RADIUS requests from various NASs to normalize them to a more understandable format, and the ability to completely customize the behavior of RADIUS authentication and accounting based on NAS and user attributes.
GNU `tar' saves many files together into a single tape or disk archive, and can restore individual files from the archive. It includes multivolume support, the ability to archive sparse files, automatic archive compression/decompression, remote archives and special features that allow `tar' to be used for incremental and full backups. It also includes `rmt', the remote tape server (the `mt' tape drive control program is in GNU `cpio').