The Maximum Entropy Toolkit provides a set of tools and library for constructing maximum entropy (maxent) models in either Python or C++. It features conditional maximum entropy models, L-BFGS and GIS parameter estimation, Gaussian Prior smoothing, a C++ API, a Python extension module, a command line utility, and good documentation.
MpNT is a multi-precision number theory library that provides a base for building cryptographic applications. It may also be used in any other domain where efficient large number computations are required. The library supports integer, modular, and floating point arithmetic with practically unlimited precision. It is both speed efficient and highly portable without disregarding code structure and clarity.
gfit analyzes data using models. gfit lets the user create a model for virtually any type of system using a minimal amount of computer code. It is particularly useful for studying various systems in biophysics, biochemistry, and cell biology. The interface for gfit models specifies relationships between input and output variables in a rule-based fashion. It provides flexibility and allows the user to reuse same models for many related problems.
The Java Algebra System (JAS) is an object oriented, type safe, multi-threaded approach to computer algebra. JAS provides a well designed software library using generic types for algebraic computations implemented in the Java programming language. The library can be used as any other Java software package, or it can be used interactively or interpreted through a Jython or JRuby front end. The focus at the moment is on commutative and solvable polynomials, power-series, multivariate polynomial factorization, Gröbner bases, and applications.
PED is a dialogue management system that uses a probabilistic nested belief model to choose dialogue strategies. The dialogue system designer need only supply a set of plan rules to PED as a dialogue grammar with preconditions. Using this grammar, PED constructs game trees (like the one below) to represent the outcomes of the dialogue, so that a dialogue strategy can be chosen for the current turn in the dialogue. PED automatically maintains a belief model by a belief revision process that uses the observed acts in the dialogue. The game tree is evaluated in the context of this belief model. PED is efficient because it uses probabilistic estimates of belief rather than a plain logical belief model.
Calc is arbitrary precision arithmetic system that uses a C-like language. It's useful as a calculator, an algorithm prototype, and as a mathematical research tool. More importantly, calc provides a machine-independent means of computation. Calc comes with a rich set of builtin mathematical and programmatic functions.
MathGL is a library for making high-quality scientific graphics under Linux and Windows, fast data plotting and handling of large data arrays, working in window and console modes, and easily embedding into other programs. It has more than 40 general types of graphics for 1d, 2d, and 3d data arrays. It can export graphics to raster and vector (EPS or SVG) formats. It has an OpenGL interface and can be used from console programs. It has functions for data handling and MGL language scripting for simplification of data plotting. It has several types of transparency and smoothed lightning, vector fonts and TeX-like formula drawing, an arbitrary curvilinear coordinate system, and many other useful things.
Date::Calc::XS is a Perl module that is the C/XS part which Date::Calc used to consist of. Date::Calc has become a (pure-Perl) wrapper which tries to load Date::Calc::XS, and failing that, loads Date::Calc::PP (a pure-Perl implementation which is now part of Date::Calc and used to be Date::Pcalc).